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About Uzbekistan

GENERAL INFORMATION

Uzbekistan is a land with ancient culture and great historical heritage. The main cities of the country have ancient and rich history. In this regard it’s important to mention such cities as Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Shakhrisabz, Khiva, Kokand, Termez and others.

Being situated at the crossroads of the Great Silk Road these cities have been major centers of international caravan trade where many nations exchanged their experience, knowledge, opinions, language and cultures.

These cities as precious pearls absorbed all the originality and unique beauty of this region and give opportunity to be carried to the atmosphere of medieval city and taste its coloring. Acquaintance with each of these cities will let you know its history and original culture of the nation.

Moreover Uzbekistan has another recourses that attract big number of foreign guests to the country, that are: deserts and national parks rich where you can find number of animals and plants of different varieties (some of them are congregated only in Uzbekistan); mountains and rivers which is of great importance for developing active type of tourism; mineral springs with healing water; traditions of applied art and originality of country culture.

 

Uzbekistan at a glance:

 

Official name:                                    The Republic of Uzbekistan

Area:                                      Total 447.400 km ²

Population:                            30 million people

Density of population:         50.1 per one km ²

Capital city:                           Tashkent

Language:                              Official language – Uzbek, language of international relations –

Russian

Religion:                                 Islam – 88 %, Christian – 9 % and other religions

Time:                                      GMT + 05:00

National currency:                Sum

Electric power:                      220 V AC, 50 A; standard two-pin plug socket

International dialing code:  + 998

 

Visa

Foreign citizens can obtain Uzbek visas at the diplomatic representations and consular missions of the Republic of Uzbekistan abroad on the basis of the visa support (LOI – letter of invitation). LOI is an inviting application made by physical or juridical persons residing in Uzbekistan and submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Processing of visa application is up to 10 working days if all the documents have been submitted due to the established order.

The following documents are required while applying for the visa:

  • Passport expiry date of which much exceed the visa’s validity period no less than 3 months;
  • 2 copies of correctly completed visa application form;
  • 2 passport-sizescolored photos.

Visa regulations with some countries:

  1. Non-visa regime is established for the citizens of Kyrgyzstan (up to 60 days), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.
  2. Simplified visa procedure is established for citizens of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Malaysia, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom. For the tourists from these countries noLOI is required. Visas shall be issued within 2-3 working days at the diplomatic representatives and consular missions of the Republic of Uzbekistan abroad.
  3. Non-visa regime up to 90 days is established for diplomatic passport holders of the Republic of Korea (up to 60 days), Brazil, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey.
  4. Uzbekistan and Japan issue visas without consular fees on mutual basis.

 

Location

The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia between two riversAmudarya and Syrdarya. The Turan Lowland lies to the north-west, and the Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alay mountain ridges are located in the south-east of the republic. The Kyzyl-Kum desert defines the northern part of the country. Uzbekistan borders on Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan.

 

Public holidays:

January 1        – New Year

March 8          – International Women’s Day

March 21        – Navruz(Central Asian New Year)

May 9             – Memorial and Remembrance Day

September 1   – Independence Day

October 1       – Teacher’s Day

December 8    – Constitution Day

 

Climate

The climate of Uzbekistan is extremely continental. The average monthly temperature in January ranges from – 10°С to + 3°С. Summer period is hot and dry. The average monthly temperature in summer varies from + 35°С to + 45°С. Autumn is relatively warm and it is the season when delicious fruits and vegetables are in abundance at bazaars / markets. The average temperature is + 13°С.

 

Tourist seasons

Due to the peculiarity of climate, first half of tourist season in Uzbekistan falls on spring months that are: March, April and May; the second half is in August, September and October. Besides, there is tourist activity in winter months for the lovers of mountains and winter sports (skiing, snowboard and etc.).

 

Cuisine

There over thousand national dishes in Uzbek cuisine. Uzbekistan is famous with its unforgettably delicious fruits and vegetables grown under the tender oriental sun. There are about 100 varieties of Uzbek pilaf prepared in a different way at each of the regions. The most favorite drink is tea, especially green tea without sugar. The caloric content and ecological cleanliness of local foodstuffs is unique. Uzbek cuisine cannot be described, it has to be tried and tasted only.

 

National currency

All the payments must be done in Sum – national currency of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Currency exchange offices are available in the banks and big hotels in each city of Uzbekistan. The most converted currencies in the country are US dollars and Euros.

While entering to and departing from Uzbekistan all the tourists should declare the total amount of any currency they have.

 

Clothing

We recommend you very light and loose clothing (preferably cotton or natural fibers) for daytime use, with a light jumper or casual jacket for the cooler evenings. Because of the large amount of sightseeing on foot in dry, dusty and sometimes rough areas (i.e. dirt, cobblestones, etc.), comfortable, solid walking shoes with strong soles and support are essential. You may be required to remove your shoes upon entry to some of the religious sites. There are no special clothing requirements for visiting Islamic religious sites, except that sometimes you should take care to cover most parts of your body including your arms and legs.

Travelers are encouraged to dress for comfort rather than fashion. Valuable jewelry and any clothing requiring special attention should be left at home. Due to the very high danger of sunburn, your clothing should offer as much protection as possible (a hat with good shade protection and sunglasses are essential).

 

Luggage

A shoulder bag with a strong strap or a small rucksack is the most practical way of carrying cameras and personal belongings during your stay. Your entire luggage should be secured with a padlock. Always make sure that all cases and bags are clearly labeled. The label should carry your name and destination details. It is a good idea to label your luggage on the inside. This will enable airport authorities to identify your luggage should it become lost, or the labels removed. Never leave your luggage unattended at airports or train stations.

 

Health

You will be traveling in areas which are largely free of major infectious diseases, so there are no official vaccination requirements for foreign visitors. However, we strongly advise you to consult your physician or Vaccination Centre for current health warnings and recommended vaccinations.

As it is practically inevitable in areas where water is high in mineral and metallic salts (as is the case with Central Asia) one should be prepared for minor gastric conditions. Consult your physician or pharmacist for recommended remedies. One of the main health warnings is dehydration. All the times maintain a steady intake of non-alcoholic liquids.

Sunburn is another major problem. Bring adequate suntan lotion and a wide brimmed hat. You may also bring a supply of vitamins, throat lozenges, and throat gargle to prevent basic infections, cold/flu tablets, aspirins, Band-Aids, antiseptics and antibacterial cream.

 

Security

Individual safety boxes are not always available in all the hotels of Uzbekistan. All the times you should carry with yourself the main and valuable documents as: currency, traveler’s checks, air tickets, passports, visas etc. In accordance with local laws, you will be required to hand in your passport to the hotel reception on arrival to allow registration of your passport details by the hotel. Do not forget to collect it before departure.

Please be sure that you took a registration card while making check-out from each hotel you stayed.

 

Shopping

Travelers in Uzbekistan will be pleasantly surprised by the interesting jewelry, clothing and local handicrafts. Books, postcards and maps are other popular souvenirs. There are restrictions on exporting carpets and some antiquarian production from the country. So that, we recommend you to ask your tour guide for detailed up-to-date information on this matter before purchasing one.

 

Incidentals

You will be responsible for covering the cost of your hotel incidentals such as phone calls, room service, mini-bar in your room, laundry and etc. Before departing from all hotels on the tour, please ensure that you have checked with the front desk for any personal charges that the hotel may have made to your room.